About gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted genital infection caused by bacteria. It can be spread both through vaginal and anal intercourse. The sooner you get treatment, the lower the risk is of transmitting (spreading) gonorrhea to someone else.

Gonorrhea is transmitted, spreads, when mucous membranes come into contact with each other when you have sex with someone else; often through vaginal and anal intercourse without a condom. The disease is also transmitted via sperm and vaginal secretions.

Symptoms of gonorrhea

Most women have no or mild symptoms from gonorrhea. Symptoms that may occur are pain or burning during urination, increased discharge and bleeding between menstrual periods. Men affected by the symptoms of gonorrhoea may feel burning during urination, have white, yellow or green discharge from the penis, and sore and swollen testicles. Men can also be symptom-free despite having gonorrhoea. Gonorrhea can also increase your chances of getting infected with HIV. Less common symptoms include fever, aches or swelling in a large joint, such as the knee or foot, or pain in the lower abdomen.

It is important to treat gonorrhoea as soon as possible to avoid complications and further spread. An untreated gonorrhoea infection can, among other things, lead to reduced fertility in both women and men. If you suspect you are infected, it is important to get yourself tested. If the test detects gonorrhea bacteria, you will receive a referral for medical treatment.


Reviewed: 2016-07-26

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