About Mycoplasma

Mycoplasma is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by Mycoplasma genitalium bacteria. Mycoplasma has many similarities with chlamydia and is transmitted through unprotected sex.

Mycoplasma is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by Mycoplasma genitalium bacteria. Mycoplasma has many similarities with chlamydia and is transmitted through unprotected sex. Just like with chlamydia many people do not notice that they have the disease because there are often no symptoms at all. In recent years mycoplasma has become more and more common and is sometimes called the “new sexually transmitted disease”. Many people however do not know about the sexually transmitted disease mycoplasma. In an investigation from RFSU, in which about 500 women and men were asked, only 12% knew about mycoplasma.

There are studies that show that an untreated mycoplasma infection in women can cause infections in the cervix, uterus and uterine tube. Men can get urinary tract infections, epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis) and prostate difficulties.

How do I notice whether I have mycoplasma?

Many people, both men and women, who are infected with mycoplasma have no symptoms at all, but may still infect others. Any symptoms resemble those that occur in a chlamydia infection.

Women may have pain when they urinate, discharge from the genitals and pain in the lower abdomen. Men may have pain when they urinate and discharge from the urethra.

What should I do if I have mycoplasma?

If you have the sexually transmitted disease mycoplasma you should get treatment. You must contact a medical clinic yourself and schedule a time for treatment, e.g. at a community health centre, youth clinic or STD clinic. Mycoplasma should be treated with antibiotics as soon as possible to avoid complications. In the treatment of mycoplasma a different type of antibiotic is used than the one used to treat chlamydia.

Because mycoplasma seldom involves any discomfort others are easily infected without knowing about it. If you know or suspect that you are infected with mycoplasma you should contact any partners, so that they can be tested.

If the sample is negative and the symptoms remain or if you still suspect that you are infected, you should be tested again. You may have mycoplasma without any bacteria having been found with the sample. Also keep in mind that the discomfort may have reasons other than mycoplasma, e.g. a chlamydia infection causes the same symptoms as mycoplasma. Contact a physician for examination at a community health centre, youth clinic or STD clinic.

How is mycoplasma transmitted and how can I protect myself?

The most common way to be infected is through intercourse without a condom, when the mucous membranes come in contact with each other. This also applies to anal intercourse and oral sex. The bacteria only live inside living cells and therefore are not transmitted through handshakes, saunas, clothing, towels or toilets.

It is important to always protect yourself against mycoplasma. A good way is to use a condom. Even if you have had mycoplasma previously, you can get it again.


Reviewed: 2019-05-22

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    • With just one single check you can test for four common sexually transmitted diseases
    • Tests for chlamydia, mycoplasma, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis
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