Nail fungus

Symptoms for nail fungus are thickened and discolored nails, or nails that crumble apart. In some cases the thickening can lead to the nail to press the nail bed and causing pain.

Nail fungus is caused in many cases by the filamentous fungi, dermatophytes, attack the nail. The Dermatophytes are usually belonging to four species within the genera: Trichophyton , Microsporum and Epidermophyton. T. rubrum is the most common, accounting for 75-90 % of cases in Scandinavia. Toenail fungus affects up to 10% of the adult population in Sweden. It is common to have recurrent infections .

Our test detects the most common types of filamentous fungi that occur in nail fungus. The majority of the infections are caused by the trichophyton rubrum type. However, the test also detects the types related to trichophyton, microsporum and epidermophyton. Nail fungus is a filamentous fungus.

You can treat moderate outbreaks of nail fungus on certain nails with over-the-counter medications that you apply to the nail. You may need prescription medication for severe outbreaks that cause problems. The treatment will often be long-term. In many cases, changes to nails may be due to causes other than nail fungus, such as psoriasis, eczema or damage due to ill-fitting shoes. Therefore, it is good to test whether you have nail fungus before you start a long-term treatment.

Dermatophytes can infect both through direct contact or indirect contact, such as through the floor of the shower areas. Infection can also occur on contact with the animal .


Reviewed: 2019-02-22

  • Nail fungus

    • Simple sample taking that you do at home
    • Testresult within 3 weekdays.  
    • The test has a methodological accuracy of 99.5%